Search results for drosscapes

As a supplemental to my ongoing Drosscapes series for AHBE Lab, I have compiled a comprehensive list of books and readings that I believe provides substantial and innovative insight related to the topic of adaptive reuse of once defunct economic and industrial sections of the city. My search was inspired by artistic, adventurous, academic, and professional perspectives connected with drosscapes.

The following resources are divided in six categories, each exploring a wide variety of topics: theories, concepts, guidelines, design principles, case studies for city-wide economic rehabilitation, site remediation, lessons learned, urban exploration showcases, environmental art photography, and more.

Graphic from Alan Berger’s Drosscape: Wasting in Urban America

Theory & Design Principles
• Alan Berger’s (2007 & 2008) Drosscape: Wasting in Urban America & Designing the Reclaimed Landscape
• Niall Kirkwood’s (2010 & 2015), Principles of Brownfield Regeneration: Cleanup, Design, and Reuse of Derelict Land & Phyto: Principles and Resources for Site Remediation and Landscape Design

Decay Case Studies
• Alice Mah’s (2012) Industrial Ruination, Community and Place: Landscapes and Legacies of Urban Decline.
• Hilary Orange’s (2014) Reanimating Industrial Spaces: Conducting Memory Work in Post-industrial Societies
• Anna Storm’s (2014) Post-Industrial Landscape Scars (Palgrave Studies in the History of Science and Technology)

Site Restoration Case Studies
• Ellen Braae’s (2015) Beauty Redeemed
• Peter Latz’ (2017) Rust Red: The Landscape Park Duisburg-Nord & Bad Places and Oases
• Richard Marshall’s (2001) Waterfronts in Post-Industrial Cities
• Nial Kirkwood’s (2001) Manufactured Sites: Rethinking the Post-Industrial Landscape
• MIT Center for Advanced Urbanism’s (2016) Infrastructural Monument & Scaling Infrastructure
• Heather Moore’s & Howard Fox’s (2003) Land Reclamation: Extending the Boundaries
• Roxi Thoren’s (2014) Landscapes of Change: Innovative Designs for Reinvented Sites
• Udo Weilacher’s (2007) Syntax of Landscape: The Landscape Architecture of Peter Latz and Partners

Urban Rehabilitation Case Studies
• Donald Carter’s (2016) Remaking Post-Industrial Cities: Lessons from North America and Europe
• Allen Dieterich-Ward’s (2015) Beyond Rust: Metropolitan Pittsburgh and the Fate of Industrial America (Politics and Culture in Modern America)
• Christopher Marcinkoski’s (2016) The City That Never Was
• Tracy Neumann’s (2016) Remaking the Rust Belt: The Postindustrial Transformation of North America
• Shahid Yusuf’s (2006) Post-Industrial East Asian Cities: Innovation for Growth

Urbex & Photography
• Matthew Christopher’s (2014 & 2016) Abandoned America: The Age of Consequences & Abandoned America: Dismantling the Dream
• Kieron Connolly’s (2016) Abandoned Places: A photographic exploration of more than 100 worlds we have left behind
• Andre Govia’s (2014) Abandoned Planet
• Eric Holubow’s (2014) Abandoned: America’s Vanishing Landscape
• Seph Lawless’ (2017) Autopsy of America: The Death of a Nation
• Jonglez Publishing’s (2016) Forgotten Heritage
• Theresa Welsh’s (2012) A Guide to Post-Industrial Detroit: Unconventional Tours of an Urban Landscape

Environmental Art
• Dora Apel’s (2015) Beautiful Terrible Ruins: Detroit and the Anxiety of Decline
• Edward Burtynsky’s et al (2003 & 2008) Manufactured Landscapes: The Photographs of Edward Burtynsky & Vanishing Landscapes (Movie)
• J Henry Fair’s (2011 & 2017) The Day After Tomorrow: Images of Our Earth in Crisis & Industrial Scars: The Hidden Costs of Consumption

Houston Texas interstate highway; photo from Alan Berger's "Drosscape: Wasting Land in Urban America".

Houston Texas interstate highway; photo from Alan Berger’s “Drosscape: Wasting Land in Urban America”.

In our previous post, we read about the typology of wasted surfaces in the urban environment. Professor Alan Berger and writer of Drosscape: Wasting Land in Urban America, also comes up with a new manifesto for those professionals who would like to venture into the drosscape practices. Today we present a ‘quommentary’ on each of these points, approaching it from the landscape architecture perspective.

The Drosscape Manifesto:

1. “Dross is understood as a natural component of every dynamically evolving city. As such it is an indicator of healthy urban growth.”

Our quommentary: Many have written “never judge the past by the standards of today”. Presentism asserts that current morality is the only valid one. This is fallacious. We have to embrace the industrial processes as what they are, a reflection of progress. We have to acknowledge and accept the fact that industrialization, in some way or another, will always exist. How this process is performed is a whole different topic, and of course, here we can look into all the currents and practices that seek out more sustainable results. Before judging or going rampage against any infrastructure projects or blocking the possibility for progress, we should consider exploring all options that answer how this project can be more beneficial for the environment, for the community, and for the local economy.

2. “Drosscapes accumulate in the wake of socio- and spatio-economic process of deindustrialization, post-Fordism, and technological innovation.”

Our quommentary: “There is an optimum numerical size, beyond which each further increment of inhabitants creates difficulties out of all proportion of the benefits. There is also an optimum area of expansion, beyond which further urban growth tends to paralyze rather than to further important social relationships” — Lewis Mumford in “What Is A City?”.

Of course, Lewis was referring to problems like overpopulation and urban sprawl, but these very factors will determine the number of dross elements in the city and will also condition the manner in which drosscaping should be executed. It is important to accommodate drosscapes in a time frame, addressing a particular problem. But at the same time, a drosscape should also be timeless and inclusive enough to be able to satisfy the needs of all sectors of the population and foster these interpersonal relationships and activities – a perspective Mumfords acknowledges to be the very core of the city.

3. “Drosscapes require the designer to shift thinking from tacit and explicit knowledge (designer as sole expert and authority) to complex interactive and responsive processing (designer as collaborator and negotiator).”

Our quommentary: “We cannot seek achievement for ourselves and forget about progress and prosperity for our community… Our ambitions must be broad enough to include the aspirations and needs of others, for their sakes and for our own.” — Cesar E. Chavez.

Interdisciplinary teams, public agencies, and the community should work together as one entity to pursue a better environment. The designer is a catalyst – the piece that starts unscrambling the puzzle of the complexity of the site – allowing themselves to interpret the opportunities offered by this situation as a gamma that may suit the needs of the community, it shall never be a single-minded, one-sided answer for the sake of mere creativity. (more…)

Landscapes of Logistics- Bernhard Lang Photography

Landscapes of Logistics- Bernhard Lang Photography

As IBM, Cisco, Google, Facebook, and the Internet of Things continues to draw and determine our future urban lifestyles, the pertinent question relates to the ultimate role of the field of landscape urbanism and its contribution to the massive urbanization of territory, ocean, air, and space.

Landscape architecture has long paralleled economic fluctuations, particularly during the transition from the mid-20th century to the end of the 20th century. Landscapes of logistics emerged to accommodate for the economic shift from the concentrated Fordism of the industrial city to the internationally distributed economies of scale. Along those lines, landscapes of production, assemblage, storage, distribution, and consumption mushroomed.

Landscapes of Production // Greenhouses in Southern Spain - Bernhard Lang Photography

Landscapes of Production // Greenhouses in Southern Spain – Bernhard Lang Photography

Photo: Infrastructure - Alan Berger Drosscapes

Photo: Infrastructure – Alan Berger Drosscapes

As the economies shifted and the urban life transformed, landscape architecture performed as the post-crisis tool re-envisioning brownfields, remediating lands, and re-occupying industrial grounds with community programs and environmental agendas. At this point of dramatic augmented global economic, technological, and political shifts – at a time of pervasive technology and habitable virtual reality – where does the field of landscape urbanism stand?

This is an open question to the agency of landscape urbanists and planners in a future where the fabric of urbanization is not driven by the physical pervasive infrastructure of highways or telephone networks, but by intangible reversible personalized infrastructural technologies.

Diagrams by Dima Rachid - Urban Sprawl and demographic shift in Mexico; Diag 2: Brief Timeline: Landscapes of transition.

Diagrams by Dima Rachid – Urban Sprawl and demographic shift in Mexico; Diag 2: Brief Timeline: Landscapes of transition.